Here we describe two methods to identify song form and give examples of song form provided by Alive Drumming and the community. Finally, we describe how song forms are shared within the iOS mobile App. Where we use the term, “intrinsic song form” we mean the essential form of the song without considering multiple choruses, introductions and ending sections.
Variation amongst performers
Be aware that occasionally there might be a lack of agreement as to the musical form of a popular song. This is often the case in terms of how the intrinsic song form is realized into a performance with an introduction section, multiple courses, and an ending. Very occasionally it is also true of the intrinsic song form itself. In these rare cases, it might be best to consider the different intrinsic forms of a song as different songs albeit sharing a lot of similarities. This can be accommodated within the iOS mobile App, Song Rhythm Tracks, by using unique names for each song variation, perhaps by adding the intrinsic song form as part of the name.
Alive Drumming’s Song Form Naming Scheme and “Stick Notation”
In the “Stick Notation,” column of the table below, sections of music are identified by their length in number-of-bars and separated by a ‘|’ character unless they are followed by a ‘bridge’ section in which case they are preceded by a ‘/’ instead. So, for example,
|Song Form Name||Song Form Stick Notation (a sequence of section lengths in number of bars)|
|no agreed name||4|6/8|4|6|
|no agreed name||10/4/8|10|
This “Stick Notation” scheme is an alternative to traditional naming such as “32-bar AABA”. Stick Notation additionally allows for forms that have no agreed traditional name. Alive Drumming prefers to allow for both of these schemes so that users may use the one they prefer.
Example Songs with their Intrinsic Song Form
Here’s a short list of some songs with their intrinsic Song Forms (using Stick Notation).
|Song Name||Song Form|
|Fly Me To The Moon||16|16|
|Almost Like Being In Love||8|8/8|12|
|The Way You Look Tonight||16|16/16|20|
|All the Things You Are||16/8|12|
|Bye Bye Blackbird||8|16|16|3|
|Well You Needn’t||8|8/8|8|
|Over the Rainbow||8|8/8|8|
|The Shadow of Your Smile||16|16|
User Contributed Example Songs with their Intrinsic Song Form
Alive Drumming’s Forum has a discussion area, “SongForms” where users share song forms. Check out the post, “Book of Songs and SongForms” for a list of about 100 songs.
User Sharing of Song Form within the iOS Mobile App
The Apple iOS App, Song Rhythm Tracks, also allows for the sharing of a Song’s track definition which includes its Song Form.
Sharing Your Song’s Form with the community
From the iOS mobile App, Song Rhythm Tracks’ main table of tracks, press the track’s ‘Share‘ button to share your track definition with the Song Rhythm Tracks community.
Searching for a shared definition of a song’s form while defining your track
While entering a new track definition, first enter a name for your track and then press the magnifying glass search button. If a definition has already been shared with this same exact name, the shared song form will automatically populate in that entry screen. Try this with the track name, “Fly Me To The Moon”.
On the 4-bar phrases of 12-bar Blues and 16-bar Tunes
The 12 bars of a 12-Bar Blues are partitioned into 3 x 4-bar phrases. Although this is generally not considered the same partitioning as musical sections in show tunes forms of, say, 32-Bar AABA, we may consider it so for the purposes of describing the song form as interpreted by a drummer.
So any 12-Bar Blues may either use the song form, “4|4|4”, or “12”. With the former form the 4-bar phrases will be more evident. With the latter form, they are less likely to be so. It is a similar situation for the 4 x 4-bar phrases of 16-Bar Tunes.
With Song Rhythm Tracks, if you use the song form names of “12-Bar Blues” and “16-bar Tune” you will get the former form with the 4-bar phrases treated similarly to musical sections. If you prefer to have the latter form, use the stick notation instead, “12” for 12-Bar Blues and “16” for “16-Bar Tunes”.